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Pest and Disease Guide

Powdery Mildew

Powdery Mildew

Powdery mildew is a prevalent fungal disease which forms a white powdery cover on the apple tree. It flourishes in humid mild conditions (with no rain), especially in shady spots with little air circulation and damp conditions. Plant Part: Whole tree Season: Summer - Spring Symptoms: White powdery coverings on buds, shoots, leaves and fruit. If the buds are affected the leaves may develop abnormally, appear brittle and curled. They may also drop...

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European Red Mite

European Red Mite

These mites are reddy-brown, with white spots and are about 0.5 mm long. Each egg looks like an onion, with a white stalk at the top as long as the egg is wide. Plant Part: Leaves, fruit and the bark of the tree. Season: Spring - Summer Symptoms: Early signs of the mite are pale yellow spotting on leaves. Heavy infestations result in leaf bronzing and premature leaf fall. Prolonged feeding by the...

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Apple Leafhopper

Apple Leafhopper

The apple leafhopper (Canary Fly) looks like a tiny cicada (3-4 mm long); greenish-yellow in colour with red eyes. During autumn, female leafhoppers lay their eggs under soft bark which hatch in Spring. Infestation of this pest tends to be worse in dry years. Plant Part: Leaves Season: Spring - Summer Symptoms: In the warmer months, they are usually found under the leaves where they feed on the sap resulting in the leaf...

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Codling Moth

Codling Moth

An adult Codling moth is a brown moth that has a wingspan of about 20 mm, the wing tips have a circular area. Eggs are laid on leaves or small fruit at dusk. Plant Part: Bark, leaves and fruit Season: Spring and Summer Symptoms:  Fruit may drop prematurely. You may notice a small entry hole on the apple where the larvae entered the fruit, the larvae will feed for 3-5 weeks before tunneling...

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Woolly Aphid

Woolly Aphid

Woolly aphids are  small soft bodied insects, reddish to brown in colour, up to 2 mm long and covered in masses of white wool-like material. They are found on stems, branches and roots, and do not infest leaves. When squashed they leave a red residue. If Aphid infestation is heavy it may cause leaves to yellow and/or become distorted, or cause necrotic spots on leaves and/or stunted shoots. Aphids secrete...

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Fruit Fly

Fruit Fly

Exotic fruit flies like the Queensland and Mediterranean fruit fly are among the most serious pests of fruit tree gardeners in warmer regions everywhere. These pests burrow into the soil. The brown pupal cases are about 5 mm long and look like somewhat elongated hens’ eggs. They become active around the end of winter, when the weather begins to warm. The flies lay their eggs in small groups just beneath the...

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Apple Looper Caterpillars

Apple Looper Caterpillars

Looper Caterpillars, which are from the moth family, attack all fruit trees. They grow to about 35mm long, and have a distinct looping action when they move. They are more abundant in warmer weather. Plant Parts: Leaves Season: Spring - Summer Symptoms: The eggs can be found on the under-surfaces of the leaves. They attack foliage and as they grow move up the plant. Sometimes attacking flowers and fruit parts. Control: They can...

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Apple Scab

Apple Scab

Apple scab or black spot is a fungus that infects leaves, shoots, buds, blossoms and fruit. It is more prevalent in regions with high rainfall and relative humidity during the growing season. Plant Part: Leaves, shoots, blossoms and fruit Season: Symptoms will be noticeable from Late Spring Symptoms: If your Fruit Salad Tree is infected the first symptoms will usually appear as small spots on the underside of young leaves or as spots on...

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